Do the establishments of genetic reserves have legal consequences for the use of such areas?

Genetic reserves do not constitute a legal category of protected areas in Germany. They are based on voluntary cooperation between a central scientific institution (the coordination unit) and local stakeholder (e.g. land owners, nature conservation authorities and associations). If an adaptation of use or appropriate maintenance measures should be necessary for the conservation of the population, the coordination unit clarifies together with the local actors whether implementation is possible. There is no obligation under any circumstances.